Historiography on Racial Inequality

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Alexander, Michelle. The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness. New York: New Press, 2020.


Almaguer, Tomas. Racial fault lines: The historical origins of white supremacy in California: With a new praface. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2009.


Balto, Simon. Occupied Territory: Policing Black Chicago From Red Summer to Black Power. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2019.


Belew, Kathleen. Bring the War Home: the White Power Movement and Paramilitary America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2019.


Blackmon, Douglas A. Slavery by Another Name: the Re-Enslavement of Black Americans from the Civil War to World War II. New York, NY: Anchor Books, a division of Random House, Inc., 2009.


Bloom, Joshua, and Waldo E. Martin. Black against Empire: the History and Politics of the Black Panther Party, with a New Preface. Oakland, CA: University of California Press., 2016.


Césaire Aimé, and Joan Pinkham. Discourse on Colonialism. New York: Monthly Review Press, 2001.


Chase, Robert. We Are Not Slaves: State Violence, Coerced Labor and Prisoners’ Rights in Postwar America . Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2019.


Childs, Dennis. Slaves of the State: Black Incarceration from the Chain Gang to the Penitentiary. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2015.


Coates, Ta-Nehisi. We Were Eight Years in Power: an American Tragedy. London: Penguin Books, 2018.


Cuny Struggle Collective. “A Short Reader on Police, Protests, Racism, and Riots,” June 12, 2020. https://cunystruggle.org/zine2020/



Davis, Angela Y. Are Prisons Obsolete? New York, NY: Seven Stories, 2003.


George, Nelson. Post-Soul Nation: the Explosive, Contradictory, Triumphant, and Tragic 1980s as Experienced by African Americans (Previously Known as Blacks and before That Negroes). New York: Penguin Books, 2005.


Hinton, Elizabeth Kai. From the War on Poverty to the War on Crime: the Making of Mass Incarceration in America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2017.


Horne, Gerald. Fire This Time: the Watts Uprising and the 1960s. New York: Da Capo Press, 1997.


Jones-Rogers, Stephanie E. They Were Her Property: White Women as Slave Owners in the American South. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2020.


Joseph, Peniel E. Waiting Til the Midnight Hour: a Narrative History of Black Power in America. New York: Owl Books, U.S., 2011.


Kendi, Ibram X. Stamped from the Beginning: the Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America. New York, NY: Bold Type Books, 2017.


LeFlouria, Talitha L. Chained in Silence: Black Women and Convict Labor in the New South. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 2015.


Postel, Charles. Equality: An American dilemma, 1866-1896. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2019.


Ritchie, Andrea J. Invisible No More: Police Violence against Black Women and Women of Color. Boston, MA: Beacon Press, 2017.


Suddler, Carl. Presumed Criminal: Black Youth and the Justice System in Postwar New York. New York, NY: New York University Press, 2019.


Thiongo, Ngugi wa. Decolonizing the Mind: the Politics of Language in African Literature. London: J. Currey, 1986.


Viator, Felicia A. To live and defy in LA: How gangsta rap changed America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2020.


Wells, Ida B. Crusade for Justice: the Autobiography of Ida B. Wells, Second Edition. University of Chicago Press, 2020.


Wilkerson, Isabel. The Warmth of Other Suns: the Epic Story of Americas Great Migration. Place of publication not identified: publisher not identified, 2016.


Wolf, Eva Sheppard. Race and Liberty in the New Nation: Emancipation in Virginia from the Revolution to Nat Turner's Rebellion. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 2009.


Sheppard, Eva Wolf. Almost Free. ; A Story about Family and Race in Antebellum Virginia. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2012.


Wood, Amy Louise. Lynching and Spectacle: Witnessing Racial Violence in America, 1890-1940. Chapel Hill: Univ Of North Carolina Pr, 2011.